ENERGY BARGE • Danube Transnational Programme


The Danube region has a theoretically high potential for biomass use, especially for energy purposes. In the Strategy for the Danube Region, utilizing the biomass potential for energy generation is highlighted as one important pillar in the strategy. Even an own Danube Biomass Action Plan has been drafted. On these pages, you find useful background information on different aspects of the biomass and bioenergy utilization in the Danube region. Here, you can read up on the project reports which back up the modal shift platform tools.

Bioenergy markets - conditions, actors and demand

How advanced are the Danube countries in fulfilling their National Renewable Energy Action Plans? How does biomass contribute to the energy mix? What are the countries' strengths and bioenergy sectors with highest potential? Explore these and other information on national and transnational biomass and bioenergy markets in the Danube region and check out what they can do to improve EU renewables goals and sustainability. Read up on the market situation on the ENERGY BARGE compilation of national market study reports for Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Germany, Hungary, Slovakia and Romania.

How the potential of biomass in the Danube region will be used in the future and whether the bioenergy market will be a main user of this potential is unsure. It highly depends on how the demand for bioenergy will develop in the Danube countries and on the transnational energy market. A number of criteria are shaping this development. Also, differing developments can be assumed in the three bioenergy sectors electricity, heating/cooling and transport. In order to better project how the demand will materialize, an ENERGY BARGE demand scenario analysis of the bioenergy market has been set up.


In recent years, as the utilization of biomass for various non-food purposes has increased, aspects of sustainability throughout the entire supply and value chains have gained in importance. A number of instruments on multiple legislative, but also on voluntary industry levels have been introduced. In how far are these consistent and effective in ensuring sustainable use of biomass? And are countries acting differently in pursuing sustainability goals for biomass and bioenergy production? Answers to these and other questions on the Danube-adajcent countries' national sustainability framework conditions and approaches to sustainability in the field of biomass and bioenergy production can be read up in our ENERGY BARGE report.

Feedstock flows and usage

Different types of biomass have a wide array of fields of application, regions of origin and location of usage. Therefore, all kinds of biomass are traded on a global scale. With the Danube region being one of the hotspots for biomass potential for different usages (food/feed, material use, energetic use), it is important to analyse in how far the transnational trade in biomass is performing within the Danube region. Based on EUROSTAT data, a first insight into flow directions on qualitative and quantitative level as well as in terms of direction has been analysed. Besides the visualization in the Biomass & Bioenergy Atlas, a background report provides deeper insight as well as an anlysis of so-called Sankey-diagrams to further depict the usage of the different types of biomass.